Lower urinary tract symptoms (also known as LUTS) are a group of symptoms which include bladder storage problems (increased bladder sensation, frequency, getting up at night, urgency & urge incontinence), emptying symptoms (hesitancy, burning & stinging on passing urine, a slow intermittent stream & a sense of incomplete bladder emptying) & pain symptoms (pelvic, scrotal & urethral pain).
Twenty five percent of patients have a family history of kidney stones. This problem affects males three times more commonly than females. The life time risk of developing a symptomatic stone by 70 years of age. Is 13% for men & 5% for women.